Accelerating exit by international banks and state-backed agencies is likely to push coal companies to use offsets to get funding or go private to duck shareholder pressure
By Aaron Sheldrick and Fransiska Nangoy
TOKYO, Nov 24 (Reuters) - Financing for coal projects is drying up at ever increasing rates as more countries target zero carbon emissions amid an energy transition sweeping the world, participants at Asia's biggest gathering of the coal industry said on Tuesday.
The exit from coal by big international banks and government-backed agencies, which has accelerated this year, is likely to push coal companies to use offsets to get funding and listed ones to go private to avoid shareholder pressure as the dirtiest fossil fuel is increasingly shunned.
With insurance companies, banks and other financiers pulling out of coal "we are seeing a real tide of all these forces moving in capital markets," Lachlan Shaw, head of commodities research at ANZ, said at the virtual Coaltrans Asia conference.
"What's changed more recently is we have seen China, Japan and South Korea all commit to net-zero carbon emissions targets," he said.
Carbon trading and offsets will become important tools companies to get finance for new projects, so they "can go to the financial markets and say we have a package here that is totally offset from a carbon emissions point of view," he said.
Shaw said he expects more public listed companies to go private as shareholders focus more on the risks to investments from coal.
Even cleaner projects such as a coal gasification plant in Indonesia under consideration by coal miner PT Bukit Asam will struggle to obtain finance, said Ben Lawson, vice-chairman of the Djakarta Mining Club and chief operating officer of PT Sanaman Coal Indonesia.
"Even though gasification is the cleanest way of extracting power or downstream product for coal, its still coal," he told the conference. To get financing, "I think its going to be a hard sell."
(Reporting by Aaron Sheldrick; editing by David Evans)
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